Before the coming of colonial masters women play an important part in Africa society, they participate in gender lines, they head many occasions and control many occupation such as good processing, mat weaving, making pottery, farming
Women were also central to trade. Among the Yoruba, they were the major figures in far-distance trade, with enormous opportunities for accumulating wealth and acquiring titles. The most successful among them is given a prestigious chieftaincy title of iyalode, a position of great privilege and power.
In politics, women were not as idle or powerless as people tend to believe or portray them. The smallest unit of political organization was the family, and woman are influential in their various home, they can easily tell their children what to do, children always love their mother more than their father. Power and privileges in a household were also based on age and gender, thereby allowing senior women to have a voice on many issues. Because the private and public arenas were intertwined, a woman’s ability to control resources and people in a household was at the same time an exercise in public power. She could use food production to gain respect. She could control her children and influence men through this power. She could evoke the power of the spirit or gods in her favour. Or she could simply withdraw and use the kitchen as her own personal domicile for interaction with her colleagues, friends, and children.
Beyond the household level, as they are said men dominate the powerful position in African Society, but in many African tribe specific titles were given to women. The queen mother, a powerful title among the Edo and Yoruba, is given to the king’s mother or a free woman of considerable stature. In her own palace, the queen mother head over meetings, with subordinate titleholders in her support. Yoruba and Hausa tribe, sometimes women are agiving the kingship of a kingdom. For instance Moremi of Ile-Ife and Amina of Zaria are notable legendary figures, as are the powerful queens in the Ondo and Daura histories.